Keywords: Love, Compassion, Healing, Abundance
Chakras: Heart (4th)
Emerald is a green variety of Beryl, a beryllium aluminium silicate mineral with a hardness of 7.5 to 8. Its pigment is chrome and/or vanadium. Its crystal system is hexagonal (trigonal). The term emerald is derived from the Greek smaragdos, which means ‘green stone’ and in ancient times was applied to a number of other green gemstones. The earliest Emerald mining was done in Egypt, perhaps as long ago as 1300 B.C. When the Spanish invaded South America in the 1500s, they saw native leaders wearing Emeralds that far surpassed those from the Egyptian sources, and these eventually came to dominate the Emerald trade. The finest Emerald gems and crystals have been found primarily in Colombia, but gem-quality Emeralds are also mined in Brazil, Russia and Africa.